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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
conventional short form: Algeria
local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha'biyah
local short form: Al Jaza'ir
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Algiers
geographic coordinates: 36 47 N, 2 03 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptiontwo equal vertical bands of green (hoist side) and white; a red, five-pointed star within a red crescent centered over the two-color boundary; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam (the state religion)
CurrencyAlgerian dinar (DZD)
Internet country code.dz
Ports and terminalsAlgiers, Annaba, Arzew, Bejaia, Djendjene, Jijel, Mostaganem, Oran, Skikda
Agriculture productswheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, fruits; sheep, cattle
Industriespetroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing
Geography
LocationNorthern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia
Coordinates28 00 N, 3 00 E
ContinentAfrica
Area total: 2,381,740 sq km
land: 2,381,740 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Boundaries total: 6,343 km
border countries: Libya 982 km, Mali 1,376 km, Mauritania 463 km, Morocco 1,559 km, Niger 956 km, Tunisia 965 km, Western Sahara 42 km
Coastline998 km
Climatearid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer
Terrainmostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain
Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc
Natural hazardsmountainous areas subject to severe earthquakes; mudslides and floods in rainy season
People
Population32,930,091 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsArab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%
note: almost all Algerians are Berber in origin, not Arab; the minority who identify themselves as Berber live mostly in the mountainous region of Kabylie east of Algiers; the Berbers are also Muslim but identify with their Berber rather than Arab cultural heritage; Berbers have long agitated, sometimes violently, for autonomy; the government is unlikely to grant autonomy but has offered to begin sponsoring teaching Berber language in schools
ReligionsSunni Muslim (state religion) 99%, Christian and Jewish 1%
LanguagesArabic (official), French, Berber dialects

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