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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Albania
conventional short form: Albania
local long form: Republika e Shqiperise
local short form: Shqiperia
former: People's Socialist Republic of Albania
Gevernment typeemerging democracy
Capital name: Tirana (Tirane)
geographic coordinates: 41 20 N, 19 50 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Flag descriptionred with a black two-headed eagle in the center
Currencylek (ALL)
note: the plural of lek is leke
Internet country code.al
Ports and terminalsDurres, Sarande, Shengjin, Vlore
Agriculture productswheat, corn, potatoes, vegetables, fruits, sugar beets, grapes; meat, dairy products
Industriesfood processing, textiles and clothing; lumber, oil, cement, chemicals, mining, basic metals, hydropower
Geography
LocationSoutheastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea, between Greece and Serbia and Montenegro
Coordinates41 00 N, 20 00 E
ContinentEurope
Area total: 28,748 sq km
land: 27,398 sq km
water: 1,350 sq km
Boundaries total: 720 km
border countries: Greece 282 km, Macedonia 151 km, Montenegro 172 km, Serbia 115 km
Coastline362 km
Climatemild temperate; cool, cloudy, wet winters; hot, clear, dry summers; interior is cooler and wetter
Terrainmostly mountains and hills; small plains along coast
Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, coal, bauxite, chromite, copper, iron ore, nickel, salt, timber, hydropower
Natural hazardsdestructive earthquakes; tsunamis occur along southwestern coast; floods; drought
People
Population3,581,655 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsAlbanian 95%, Greek 3%, other 2% (Vlach, Roma (Gypsy), Serb, Macedonian, Bulgarian) (1989 est.)
note: in 1989, other estimates of the Greek population ranged from 1% (official Albanian statistics) to 12% (from a Greek organization)
ReligionsMuslim 70%, Albanian Orthodox 20%, Roman Catholic 10%
note: percentages are estimates; there are no available current statistics on religious affiliation; all mosques and churches were closed in 1967 and religious observances prohibited; in November 1990, Albania began allowing private religious practice
LanguagesAlbanian (official - derived from Tosk dialect), Greek, Vlach, Romani, Slavic dialects

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