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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Argentine Republic
conventional short form: Argentina
local long form: Republica Argentina
local short form: Argentina
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Buenos Aires
geographic coordinates: 34 36 S, 58 27 W
time difference: UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree equal horizontal bands of light blue (top), white, and light blue; centered in the white band is a radiant yellow sun with a human face known as the Sun of May
CurrencyArgentine peso (ARS)
Internet country code.ar
Ports and terminalsBahia Blanca, Buenos Aires, Concepcion del Uruguay, La Plata, Punta Colorada, Rosario, San Lorenzo-San Martin, San Nicolas
Agriculture productssunflower seeds, lemons, soybeans, grapes, corn, tobacco, peanuts, tea, wheat; livestock
Industriesfood processing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals, printing, metallurgy, steel
Geography
LocationSouthern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay
Coordinates34 00 S, 64 00 W
ContinentSouth America
Area total: 2,766,890 sq km
land: 2,736,690 sq km
water: 30,200 sq km
Boundaries total: 9,861 km
border countries: Bolivia 832 km, Brazil 1,261 km, Chile 5,308 km, Paraguay 1,880 km, Uruguay 580 km
Coastline4,989 km
Climatemostly temperate; arid in southeast; subantarctic in southwest
Terrainrich plains of the Pampas in northern half, flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia in south, rugged Andes along western border
Natural resourcesfertile plains of the pampas, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum, uranium
Natural hazardsSan Miguel de Tucuman and Mendoza areas in the Andes subject to earthquakes; pamperos are violent windstorms that can strike the pampas and northeast; heavy flooding
People
Population39,921,833 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupswhite (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry), Amerindian, or other non-white groups 3%
Religionsnominally Roman Catholic 92% (less than 20% practicing), Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 4%
LanguagesSpanish (official), English, Italian, German, French

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