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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Kingdom of Bahrain
conventional short form: Bahrain
local long form: Mamlakat al Bahrayn
local short form: Al Bahrayn
former: Dilmun
Gevernment typeconstitutional hereditary monarchy
Capital name: Manama
geographic coordinates: 26 13 N, 50 35 E
time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionred, the traditional color for flags of Persian Gulf states, with a white serrated band (five white points) on the hoist side; the five points represent the five pillars of Islam
CurrencyBahraini dinar (BHD)
Internet country code.bh
Ports and terminalsMina' Salman, Sitrah
Agriculture productsfruit, vegetables; poultry, dairy products; shrimp, fish
Industriespetroleum processing and refining, aluminum smelting, iron pelletization, fertilizers, offshore banking, ship repairing, tourism
Geography
LocationMiddle East, archipelago in the Persian Gulf, east of Saudi Arabia
Coordinates26 00 N, 50 33 E
ContinentMiddle East
Area total: 665 sq km
land: 665 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Boundaries0 km
Coastline161 km
Climatearid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers
Terrainmostly low desert plain rising gently to low central escarpment
Natural resourcesoil, associated and nonassociated natural gas, fish, pearls
Natural hazardsperiodic droughts; dust storms
People
Population698,585
note: includes 235,108 non-nationals (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsBahraini 62.4%, non-Bahraini 37.6% (2001 census)
ReligionsMuslim (Shi'a and Sunni) 81.2%, Christian 9%, other 9.8% (2001 census)
LanguagesArabic, English, Farsi, Urdu

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