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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Botswana
conventional short form: Botswana
local long form: Republic of Botswana
local short form: Botswana
former: Bechuanaland
Gevernment typeparliamentary republic
Capital name: Gaborone
geographic coordinates: 24 45 S, 25 55 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionlight blue with a horizontal white-edged black stripe in the center
Currencypula (BWP)
Internet country code.bw
Ports and terminalsKheyrabad, Shir Khan
Agriculture productslivestock, sorghum, maize, millet, beans, sunflowers, groundnuts
Industriesdiamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash; livestock processing; textiles
Geography
LocationSouthern Africa, north of South Africa
Coordinates22 00 S, 24 00 E
ContinentAfrica
Area total: 600,370 sq km
land: 585,370 sq km
water: 15,000 sq km
Boundaries total: 4,013 km
border countries: Namibia 1,360 km, South Africa 1,840 km, Zimbabwe 813 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Climatesemiarid; warm winters and hot summers
Terrainpredominantly flat to gently rolling tableland; Kalahari Desert in southwest
Natural resourcesdiamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver
Natural hazardsperiodic droughts; seasonal August winds blow from the west, carrying sand and dust across the country, which can obscure visibility
People
Population1,639,833
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsTswana (or Setswana) 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, other, including Kgalagadi and white 7%
ReligionsChristian 71.6%, Badimo 6%, other 1.4%, unspecified 0.4%, none 20.6% (2001 census)
LanguagesSetswana 78.2%, Kalanga 7.9%, Sekgalagadi 2.8%, English 2.1% (official), other 8.6%, unspecified 0.4% (2001 census)

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