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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Belize
former: British Honduras
Gevernment typeparliamentary democracy
Capital name: Belmopan
geographic coordinates: 17 15 N, 88 46 W
time difference: UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionblue with a narrow red stripe along the top and the bottom edges; centered is a large white disk bearing the coat of arms; the coat of arms features a shield flanked by two workers in front of a mahogany tree with the related motto SUB UMBRA FLOREO (I Flourish in the Shade) on a scroll at the bottom, all encircled by a green garland
CurrencyBelizean dollar (BZD)
Internet country code.bz
Ports and terminalsBelize City
Agriculture productsbananas, coca, citrus, sugar; fish, cultured shrimp; lumber; garments
Industriesgarment production, food processing, tourism, construction
Geography
LocationCentral America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Mexico
Coordinates17 15 N, 88 45 W
ContinentCentral America and the Caribbean
Area total: 22,966 sq km
land: 22,806 sq km
water: 160 sq km
Boundaries total: 516 km
border countries: Guatemala 266 km, Mexico 250 km
Coastline386 km
Climatetropical; very hot and humid; rainy season (May to November); dry season (February to May)
Terrainflat, swampy coastal plain; low mountains in south
Natural resourcesarable land potential, timber, fish, hydropower
Natural hazardsfrequent, devastating hurricanes (June to November) and coastal flooding (especially in south)
People
Population287,730 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsmestizo 48.7%, Creole 24.9%, Maya 10.6%, Garifuna 6.1%, other 9.7%
ReligionsRoman Catholic 49.6%, Protestant 27% (Pentecostal 7.4%, Anglican 5.3%, Seventh-Day Adventist 5.2%, Mennonite 4.1%, Methodist 3.5%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.5%), other 14%, none 9.4% (2000)
LanguagesEnglish (official), Spanish, Mayan, Garifuna (Carib), Creole

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