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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Bosnia and Herzegovina
local long form: none
local short form: Bosna i Hercegovina
former: People's Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Gevernment typeemerging federal democratic republic
Capital name: Sarajevo
geographic coordinates: 43 52 N, 18 25 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Flag descriptiona wide medium blue vertical band on the fly side with a yellow isosceles triangle abutting the band and the top of the flag; the remainder of the flag is medium blue with seven full five-pointed white stars and two half stars top and bottom along the hypotenuse of the triangle
Currencymarka (BAM)
Internet country code.ba
Ports and terminalsBosanska Gradiska, Bosanski Brod, Bosanski Samac, and Brcko (all inland waterway ports on the Sava), Orasje
Agriculture productswheat, corn, fruits, vegetables; livestock
Industriessteel, coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, manganese, bauxite, vehicle assembly, textiles, tobacco products, wooden furniture, tank and aircraft assembly, domestic appliances, oil refining
Geography
LocationSoutheastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Croatia
Coordinates44 00 N, 18 00 E
ContinentEurope
Area total: 51,129 sq km
land: 51,129 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Boundaries total: 1,459 km
border countries: Croatia 932 km, Montenegro 225 km, Serbia 302 km
Coastline20 km
Climatehot summers and cold winters; areas of high elevation have short, cool summers and long, severe winters; mild, rainy winters along coast
Terrainmountains and valleys
Natural resourcescoal, iron ore, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, cobalt, manganese, nickel, clay, gypsum, salt, sand, forests, hydropower
Natural hazardsdestructive earthquakes
People
Population4,498,976 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsBosniak 48%, Serb 37.1%, Croat 14.3%, other 0.6% (2000)
note: Bosniak has replaced Muslim as an ethnic term in part to avoid confusion with the religious term Muslim - an adherent of Islam
ReligionsMuslim 40%, Orthodox 31%, Roman Catholic 15%, other 14%
LanguagesBosnian, Croatian, Serbian

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