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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Bolivia
conventional short form: Bolivia
local long form: Republica de Bolivia
local short form: Bolivia
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: La Paz (administrative capital)
geographic coordinates: 16 30 S, 68 09 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
note: Sucre (constitutional capital)
Flag descriptionthree equal horizontal bands of red (top), yellow, and green with the coat of arms centered on the yellow band; similar to the flag of Ghana, which has a large black five-pointed star centered in the yellow band
Currencyboliviano (BOB)
Internet country code.bo
Ports and terminalsPuerto Aguirre (on the Paraguay/Parana waterway, at the Bolivia/Brazil border); also, Bolivia has free port privileges in maritime ports in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Paraguay
Agriculture productssoybeans, coffee, coca, cotton, corn, sugarcane, rice, potatoes; timber
Industriesmining, smelting, petroleum, food and beverages, tobacco, handicrafts, clothing
Geography
LocationCentral South America, southwest of Brazil
Coordinates17 00 S, 65 00 W
ContinentSouth America
Area total: 1,098,580 sq km
land: 1,084,390 sq km
water: 14,190 sq km
Boundaries total: 6,940 km
border countries: Argentina 832 km, Brazil 3,423 km, Chile 860 km, Paraguay 750 km, Peru 1,075 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Climatevaries with altitude; humid and tropical to cold and semiarid
Terrainrugged Andes Mountains with a highland plateau (Altiplano), hills, lowland plains of the Amazon Basin
Natural resourcestin, natural gas, petroleum, zinc, tungsten, antimony, silver, iron, lead, gold, timber, hydropower
Natural hazardsflooding in the northeast (March-April)
People
Population8,989,046 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsQuechua 30%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry) 30%, Aymara 25%, white 15%
ReligionsRoman Catholic 95%, Protestant (Evangelical Methodist) 5%
LanguagesSpanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara (official)

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