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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Bulgaria
conventional short form: Bulgaria
local long form: Republika Balgariya
local short form: Balgariya
Gevernment typeparliamentary democracy
Capital name: Sofia
geographic coordinates: 42 41 N, 23 19 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Flag descriptionthree equal horizontal bands of white (top), green, and red; note - the national emblem, formerly on the hoist side of the white stripe, has been removed
Currencylev (BGL)
Internet country code.bg
Ports and terminalsBurgas, Varna
Agriculture productsvegetables, fruits, tobacco, wine, wheat, barley, sunflowers, sugar beets; livestock
Industrieselectricity, gas, water; food, beverages, tobacco; machinery and equipment, base metals, chemical products, coke, refined petroleum, nuclear fuel
Geography
LocationSoutheastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Romania and Turkey
Coordinates43 00 N, 25 00 E
ContinentEurope
Area total: 110,910 sq km
land: 110,550 sq km
water: 360 sq km
Boundaries total: 1,808 km
border countries: Greece 494 km, Macedonia 148 km, Romania 608 km, Serbia 318 km, Turkey 240 km
Coastline354 km
Climatetemperate; cold, damp winters; hot, dry summers
Terrainmostly mountains with lowlands in north and southeast
Natural resourcesbauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land
Natural hazardsearthquakes, landslides
People
Population7,385,367 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsBulgarian 83.9%, Turk 9.4%, Roma 4.7%, other 2% (including Macedonian, Armenian, Tatar, Circassian) (2001 census)
ReligionsBulgarian Orthodox 82.6%, Muslim 12.2%, other Christian 1.2%, other 4% (2001 census)
LanguagesBulgarian 84.5%, Turkish 9.6%, Roma 4.1%, other and unspecified 1.8% (2001 census)

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