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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Chad
conventional short form: Chad
local long form: Republique du Tchad/Jumhuriyat Tshad
local short form: Tchad/Tshad
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: N'Djamena
geographic coordinates: 12 07 N, 15 03 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red; similar to the flag of Romania; also similar to the flags of Andorra and Moldova, both of which have a national coat of arms centered in the yellow band; design was based on the flag of France
CurrencyCommunaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF); note - responsible authority is the Bank of the Central African States
Internet country code.td
Ports and terminalsKheyrabad, Shir Khan
Agriculture productscotton, sorghum, millet, peanuts, rice, potatoes, manioc (tapioca); cattle, sheep, goats, camels
Industriesoil, cotton textiles, meatpacking, beer brewing, natron (sodium carbonate), soap, cigarettes, construction materials
Geography
LocationCentral Africa, south of Libya
Coordinates15 00 N, 19 00 E
ContinentAfrica
Area total: 1.284 million sq km
land: 1,259,200 sq km
water: 24,800 sq km
Boundaries total: 5,968 km
border countries: Cameroon 1,094 km, Central African Republic 1,197 km, Libya 1,055 km, Niger 1,175 km, Nigeria 87 km, Sudan 1,360 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Climatetropical in south, desert in north
Terrainbroad, arid plains in center, desert in north, mountains in northwest, lowlands in south
Natural resourcespetroleum, uranium, natron, kaolin, fish (Lake Chad), gold, limestone, sand and gravel, salt
Natural hazardshot, dry, dusty harmattan winds occur in north; periodic droughts; locust plagues
People
Population9,944,201 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groups200 distinct groups; in the north and center: Arabs, Gorane (Toubou, Daza, Kreda), Zaghawa, Kanembou, Ouaddai, Baguirmi, Hadjerai, Fulbe, Kotoko, Hausa, Boulala, and Maba, most of whom are Muslim; in the south: Sara (Ngambaye, Mbaye, Goulaye), Moundang, Moussei, Massa, most of whom are Christian or animist; about 1,000 French citizens live in Chad
ReligionsMuslim 51%, Christian 35%, animist 7%, other 7%
LanguagesFrench (official), Arabic (official), Sara (in south), more than 120 different languages and dialects

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