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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of the Congo
conventional short form: Congo (Brazzaville)
local long form: Republique du Congo
local short form: none
former: Middle Congo, Congo/Brazzaville, Congo
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Brazzaville
geographic coordinates: 4 16 S, 15 17 E
time difference: UTC+1 (six hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptiondivided diagonally from the lower hoist side by a yellow band; the upper triangle (hoist side) is green and the lower triangle is red; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia
CurrencyCommunaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF); note - responsible authority is the Bank of the Central African States
Internet country code.cg
Ports and terminalsBrazzaville, Djeno, Impfondo, Ouesso, Oyo, Pointe-Noire
Agriculture productscassava (tapioca), sugar, rice, corn, peanuts, vegetables, coffee, cocoa; forest products
Industriespetroleum extraction, cement, lumber, brewing, sugar, palm oil, soap, flour, cigarettes
Geography
LocationWestern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and Gabon
Coordinates1 00 S, 15 00 E
ContinentAfrica
Area total: 342,000 sq km
land: 341,500 sq km
water: 500 sq km
Boundaries total: 5,504 km
border countries: Angola 201 km, Cameroon 523 km, Central African Republic 467 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,410 km, Gabon 1,903 km
Coastline169 km
Climatetropical; rainy season (March to June); dry season (June to October); persistent high temperatures and humidity; particularly enervating climate astride the Equator
Terraincoastal plain, southern basin, central plateau, northern basin
Natural resourcespetroleum, timber, potash, lead, zinc, uranium, copper, phosphates, gold, magnesium, natural gas, hydropower
Natural hazardsseasonal flooding
People
Population3,702,314
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsKongo 48%, Sangha 20%, M'Bochi 12%, Teke 17%, Europeans and other 3%
ReligionsChristian 50%, animist 48%, Muslim 2%
LanguagesFrench (official), Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo is the most widespread)

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