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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Chile
conventional short form: Chile
local long form: Republica de Chile
local short form: Chile
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Santiago
geographic coordinates: 33 27 S, 70 40 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in October; ends second Sunday in March
Flag descriptiontwo equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red; there is a blue square the same height as the white band at the hoist-side end of the white band; the square bears a white five-pointed star in the center representing a guide to progress and honor; blue symbolizes the sky, white is for the snow-covered Andes, and red stands for the blood spilled to achieve independence; design was influenced by the US flag
CurrencyChilean peso (CLP)
Internet country code.cl
Ports and terminalsAntofagasta, Arica, Huasco, Iquique, Lirquen, San Antonio, San Vicente, Valparaiso
Agriculture productsgrapes, apples, pears, onions, wheat, corn, oats, peaches, garlic, asparagus, beans; beef, poultry, wool; fish; timber
Industriescopper, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles
Geography
LocationSouthern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru
Coordinates30 00 S, 71 00 W
ContinentSouth America
Area total: 756,950 sq km
land: 748,800 sq km
water: 8,150 sq km
note: includes Easter Island (Isla de Pascua) and Isla Sala y Gomez
Boundaries total: 6,339 km
border countries: Argentina 5,308 km, Bolivia 860 km, Peru 171 km
Coastline6,435 km
Climatetemperate; desert in north; Mediterranean in central region; cool and damp in south
Terrainlow coastal mountains; fertile central valley; rugged Andes in east
Natural resourcescopper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower
Natural hazardssevere earthquakes; active volcanism; tsunamis
People
Population16,134,219 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupswhite and white-Amerindian 95%, Amerindian 3%, other 2%
ReligionsRoman Catholic 89%, Protestant 11%, Jewish NEGL%
LanguagesSpanish

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