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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Cameroon
conventional short form: Cameroon
local long form: Republique du Cameroun/Republic of Cameroon
local short form: Cameroun/Cameroon
former: French Cameroon, British Cameroon, Federal Republic of Cameroon, United Republic of Cameroon
Gevernment typerepublic; multiparty presidential regime
Capital name: Yaounde
geographic coordinates: 3 52 N, 11 31 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), red, and yellow with a yellow five-pointed star centered in the red band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia
CurrencyCommunaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF); note - responsible authority is the Bank of the Central African States
Internet country code.cm
Ports and terminalsDouala, Limboh Terminal
Agriculture productscoffee, cocoa, cotton, rubber, bananas, oilseed, grains, root starches; livestock; timber
Industriespetroleum production and refining, aluminum production, food processing, light consumer goods, textiles, lumber, ship repair
Geography
LocationWestern Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria
Coordinates6 00 N, 12 00 E
ContinentAfrica
Area total: 475,440 sq km
land: 469,440 sq km
water: 6,000 sq km
Boundaries total: 4,591 km
border countries: Central African Republic 797 km, Chad 1,094 km, Republic of the Congo 523 km, Equatorial Guinea 189 km, Gabon 298 km, Nigeria 1,690 km
Coastline402 km
Climatevaries with terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north
Terraindiverse, with coastal plain in southwest, dissected plateau in center, mountains in west, plains in north
Natural resourcespetroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower
Natural hazardsvolcanic activity with periodic releases of poisonous gases from Lake Nyos and Lake Monoun volcanoes
People
Population17,340,702
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsCameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1%
Religionsindigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%
Languages24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)

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