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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Union of the Comoros
conventional short form: Comoros
local long form: Union des Comores
local short form: Comores
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Moroni
geographic coordinates: 11 41 S, 43 16 E
time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionfour equal horizontal bands of yellow (top), white, red, and blue with a green isosceles triangle based on the hoist; centered within the triangle is a white crescent with the convex side facing the hoist and four white, five-pointed stars placed vertically in a line between the points of the crescent; the horizontal bands and the four stars represent the four main islands of the archipelago - Mwali, Njazidja, Nzwani, and Mayotte (a territorial collectivity of France, but claimed by Comoros); the crescent, stars, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam
CurrencyComoran franc (KMF)
Internet country code.km
Ports and terminalsMayotte, Moutsamoudou
Agriculture productsvanilla, cloves, perfume essences, copra, coconuts, bananas, cassava (tapioca)
Industriesfishing, tourism, perfume distillation
Geography
LocationSouthern Africa, group of islands at the northern mouth of the Mozambique Channel, about two-thirds of the way between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique
Coordinates12 10 S, 44 15 E
ContinentAfrica
Area total: 2,170 sq km
land: 2,170 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Boundaries0 km
Coastline340 km
Climatetropical marine; rainy season (November to May)
Terrainvolcanic islands, interiors vary from steep mountains to low hills
Natural resourcesNEGL
Natural hazardscyclones possible during rainy season (December to April); Le Kartala on Grand Comore is an active volcano
People
Population690,948 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsAntalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava
ReligionsSunni Muslim 98%, Roman Catholic 2%
LanguagesArabic (official), French (official), Shikomoro (a blend of Swahili and Arabic)

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