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Flag of Northern Mariana Islands Northern Mariana Islands



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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
conventional short form: Northern Mariana Islands
abbreviation: CNMI
former: Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Mariana Islands District
Gevernment typecommonwealth; self-governing with locally elected governor, lieutenant governor, and legislature
Capital name: Saipan
geographic coordinates: 15 12 N, 145 45 E
time difference: UTC+10 (15 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionblue, with a white, five-pointed star superimposed on the gray silhouette of a latte stone (a traditional foundation stone used in building) in the center, surrounded by a wreath
CurrencyUS dollar (USD)
Internet country code.mp
Ports and terminalsSaipan, Tinian
Agriculture productscoconuts, fruits, vegetables; cattle
Industriestourism, construction, garments, handicrafts
Geography
LocationOceania, islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines
Coordinates15 12 N, 145 45 E
ContinentOceania
Area total: 477 sq km
land: 477 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes 14 islands including Saipan, Rota, and Tinian
Boundaries0 km
Coastline1,482 km
Climatetropical marine; moderated by northeast trade winds, little seasonal temperature variation; dry season December to June, rainy season July to October
Terrainsouthern islands are limestone with level terraces and fringing coral reefs; northern islands are volcanic
Natural resourcesarable land, fish
Natural hazardsactive volcanoes on Pagan and Agrihan; typhoons (especially August to November)
People
Population82,459 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsAsian 56.3%, Pacific islander 36.3%, Caucasian 1.8%, other 0.8%, mixed 4.8% (2000 census)
ReligionsChristian (Roman Catholic majority, although traditional beliefs and taboos may still be found)
LanguagesPhilippine languages 24.4%, Chinese 23.4%, Chamorro 22.4%, English 10.8%, other Pacific island languages 9.5%, other 9.6% (2000 census)

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