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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Cuba
conventional short form: Cuba
local long form: Republica de Cuba
local short form: Cuba
Gevernment typeCommunist state
Capital name: Havana
geographic coordinates: 23 08 N, 82 22 W
time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Flag descriptionfive equal horizontal bands of blue (top, center, and bottom) alternating with white; a red equilateral triangle based on the hoist side bears a white, five-pointed star in the center
CurrencyCuban peso (CUP) and Convertible peso (CUC)
Internet country code.cu
Ports and terminalsCienfuegos, Havana, Matanzas
Agriculture productssugar, tobacco, citrus, coffee, rice, potatoes, beans; livestock
Industriessugar, petroleum, tobacco, construction, nickel, steel, cement, agricultural machinery, pharmaceuticals
Geography
LocationCaribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, 150 km south of Key West, Florida
Coordinates21 30 N, 80 00 W
ContinentCentral America and the Caribbean
Area total: 110,860 sq km
land: 110,860 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Boundaries total: 29 km
border countries: US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay 29 km
note: Guantanamo Naval Base is leased by the US and remains part of Cuba
Coastline3,735 km
Climatetropical; moderated by trade winds; dry season (November to April); rainy season (May to October)
Terrainmostly flat to rolling plains, with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast
Natural resourcescobalt, nickel, iron ore, chromium, copper, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land
Natural hazardsthe east coast is subject to hurricanes from August to November (in general, the country averages about one hurricane every other year); droughts are common
People
Population11,382,820 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsmulatto 51%, white 37%, black 11%, Chinese 1%
Religionsnominally 85% Roman Catholic prior to CASTRO assuming power; Protestants, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jews, and Santeria are also represented
LanguagesSpanish

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