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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Cyprus
conventional short form: Cyprus
local long form: Kypriaki Dimokratia/Kibris Cumhuriyeti
local short form: Kypros/Kibris
note: the Turkish Cypriot community, which administers the northern part of the island, refers to itself as the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" (TRNC)
Gevernment typerepublic
note: a separation of the two ethnic communities inhabiting the island began following the outbreak of communal strife in 1963; this separation was further solidified after the Turkish intervention in July 1974 that followed a Greek junta-supported coup attempt gave the Turkish Cypriots de facto control in the north; Greek Cypriots control the only internationally recognized government; on 15 November 1983 Turkish Cypriot "President" Rauf DENKTASH declared independence and the formation of a "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" (TRNC), which is recognized only by Turkey
Capital name: Nicosia (Lefkosia)
geographic coordinates: 35 10 N, 33 22 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Flag descriptionwhite with a copper-colored silhouette of the island (the name Cyprus is derived from the Greek word for copper) above two green crossed olive branches in the center of the flag; the branches symbolize the hope for peace and reconciliation between the Greek and Turkish communities
note: the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" flag has a white field with narrow horizontal red stripes positioned a small distance from the top and bottom edges between which is centered a red crescent and red five-pointd star
CurrencyRepublic of Cyprus: Cypriot pound (CYP); Turkish Cypriot area: Turkish New lira (YTL)
Internet country code.cy
Ports and terminalsFamagusta, Kyrenia, Larnaca, Limassol, Vasilikos
Agriculture productscitrus, vegetables, barley, grapes, olives, vegetables; poultry, pork, lamb; dairy, cheese
Industriestourism, food and beverage processing, cement and gypsum production, ship repair and refurbishment, textiles, light chemicals, metal products, wood, paper, stone, and clay products
Geography
LocationMiddle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey
Coordinates35 00 N, 33 00 E
ContinentMiddle East
Area total: 9,250 sq km (of which 3,355 sq km are in north Cyprus)
land: 9,240 sq km
water: 10 sq km
Boundaries total: NA; note - boundary with Dhekelia is being resurveyed
border countries: Akrotiri 47.4 km, Dhekelia NA
Coastline648 km
Climatetemperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters
Terraincentral plain with mountains to north and south; scattered but significant plains along southern coast
Natural resourcescopper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment
Natural hazardsmoderate earthquake activity; droughts
People
Population784,301 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsGreek 77%, Turkish 18%, other 5% (2001)
ReligionsGreek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%, Maronite, Armenian Apostolic, and other 4%
LanguagesGreek, Turkish, English

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