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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Ireland
local long form: none
local short form: Eire
Gevernment typerepublic, parliamentary democracy
Capital name: Dublin
geographic coordinates: 53 20 N, 6 15 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Flag descriptionthree equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and orange; similar to the flag of Cote d'Ivoire, which is shorter and has the colors reversed - orange (hoist side), white, and green; also similar to the flag of Italy, which is shorter and has colors of green (hoist side), white, and red
Currencyeuro (EUR)
note: on 1 January 1999, the European Monetary Union introduced the euro as a common currency to be used by financial institutions of member countries; on 1 January 2002, the euro became the sole currency for everyday transactions within the member countries
Internet country code.ie
Ports and terminalsCork, Dublin, New Ross, Shannon Foynes, Waterford
Agriculture productsturnips, barley, potatoes, sugar beets, wheat; beef, dairy products
Industriessteel, lead, zinc, silver, aluminum, barite, and gypsum mining processing; food products, brewing, textiles, clothing; chemicals, pharmaceuticals; machinery, rail transportation equipment, passenger and commercial vehicles, ship construction and refurbishment; glass and crystal; software, tourism
Geography
LocationWestern Europe, occupying five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain
Coordinates53 00 N, 8 00 W
ContinentEurope
Area total: 70,280 sq km
land: 68,890 sq km
water: 1,390 sq km
Boundaries total: 360 km
border countries: UK 360 km
Coastline1,448 km
Climatetemperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; mild winters, cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time
Terrainmostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills and low mountains; sea cliffs on west coast
Natural resourcesnatural gas, peat, copper, lead, zinc, silver, barite, gypsum, limestone, dolomite
Natural hazardsNA
People
Population4,062,235 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsCeltic, English
ReligionsRoman Catholic 88.4%, Church of Ireland 3%, other Christian 1.6%, other 1.5%, unspecified 2%, none 3.5% (2002 census)
LanguagesEnglish (official) is the language generally used, Irish (official) (Gaelic or Gaeilge) spoken mainly in areas located along the western seaboard

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