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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Estonia
conventional short form: Estonia
local long form: Eesti Vabariik
local short form: Eesti
former: Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic
Gevernment typeparliamentary republic
Capital name: Tallinn
geographic coordinates: 59 25 N, 24 45 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Flag descriptionpre-1940 flag restored by Supreme Soviet in May 1990 - three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), black, and white
CurrencyEstonian kroon (EEK)
Internet country code.ee
Ports and terminalsKopli, Kuivastu, Muuga, Tallinn, Virtsu
Agriculture productspotatoes, vegetables; livestock and dairy products; fish
Industriesengineering, electronics, wood and wood products, textile; information technology, telecommunications
Geography
LocationEastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia
Coordinates59 00 N, 26 00 E
ContinentEurope
Area total: 45,226 sq km
land: 43,211 sq km
water: 2,015 sq km
note: includes 1,520 islands in the Baltic Sea
Boundaries total: 633 km
border countries: Latvia 339 km, Russia 294 km
Coastline3,794 km
Climatemaritime, wet, moderate winters, cool summers
Terrainmarshy, lowlands; flat in the north, hilly in the south
Natural resourcesoil shale, peat, phosphorite, clay, limestone, sand, dolomite, arable land, sea mud
Natural hazardssometimes flooding occurs in the spring
People
Population1,324,333 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsEstonian 67.9%, Russian 25.6%, Ukrainian 2.1%, Belarusian 1.3%, Finn 0.9%, other 2.2% (2000 census)
ReligionsEvangelical Lutheran 13.6%, Orthodox 12.8%, other Christian (including Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal) 1.4%, unaffiliated 34.1%, other and unspecified 32%, none 6.1% (2000 census)
LanguagesEstonian (official) 67.3%, Russian 29.7%, other 2.3%, unknown 0.7% (2000 census)

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