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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
conventional short form: Ethiopia
local long form: Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik
local short form: Ityop'iya
former: Abyssinia, Italian East Africa
abbreviation: FDRE
Gevernment typefederal republic
Capital name: Addis Ababa
geographic coordinates: 9 02 N, 38 42 E
time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree equal horizontal bands of green (top), yellow, and red with a yellow pentagram and single yellow rays emanating from the angles between the points on a light blue disk centered on the three bands; Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Africa, and the three main colors of her flag were so often adopted by other African countries upon independence that they became known as the pan-African colors
Currencybirr (ETB)
Internet country code.et
Ports and terminalsEthiopia is landlocked and uses the port of Djibouti
Agriculture productscereals, pulses, coffee, oilseed, cotton, sugarcane, potatoes, qat, cut flowers; hides, cattle, sheep, goats; fish
Industriesfood processing, beverages, textiles, leather, chemicals, metals processing, cement
Geography
LocationEastern Africa, west of Somalia
Coordinates8 00 N, 38 00 E
ContinentAfrica
Area total: 1,127,127 sq km
land: 1,119,683 sq km
water: 7,444 sq km
Boundaries total: 5,328 km
border countries: Djibouti 349 km, Eritrea 912 km, Kenya 861 km, Somalia 1,600 km, Sudan 1,606 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Climatetropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation
Terrainhigh plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley
Natural resourcessmall reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower
Natural hazardsgeologically active Great Rift Valley susceptible to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions; frequent droughts
People
Population74,777,981
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsOromo 40%, Amhara and Tigre 32%, Sidamo 9%, Shankella 6%, Somali 6%, Afar 4%, Gurage 2%, other 1%
ReligionsMuslim 45%-50%, Ethiopian Orthodox 35%-40%, animist 12%, other 3%-8%
LanguagesAmharic, Tigrinya, Oromigna, Guaragigna, Somali, Arabic, other local languages, English (major foreign language taught in schools)

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