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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Czech Republic
conventional short form: Czech Republic
local long form: Ceska Republika
local short form: Cesko
Gevernment typeparliamentary democracy
Capital name: Prague
geographic coordinates: 40 55 N, 21 00 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Flag descriptiontwo equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red with a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side (identical to the flag of the former Czechoslovakia)
CurrencyCzech koruna (CZK)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsDecin, Prague, Usti nad Labem
Agriculture productswheat, potatoes, sugar beets, hops, fruit; pigs, poultry
Industriesmetallurgy, machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, glass, armaments
LocationCentral Europe, southeast of Germany
Coordinates49 45 N, 15 30 E
Area total: 78,866 sq km
land: 77,276 sq km
water: 1,590 sq km
Boundaries total: 2,290.2 km
border countries: Austria 466.3 km, Germany 810.3 km, Poland 761.8 km, Slovakia 251.8 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Climatetemperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters
TerrainBohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country
Natural resourceshard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite, timber
Natural hazardsflooding
Population10,235,455 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsCzech 90.4%, Moravian 3.7%, Slovak 1.9%, other 4% (2001 census)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 26.8%, Protestant 2.1%, other 3.3%, unspecified 8.8%, unaffiliated 59% (2001 census)

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