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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of the Fiji Islands
conventional short form: Fiji
local long form: Republic of the Fiji Islands/Matanitu ko Viti
local short form: Fiji/Viti
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Suva (on Viti Levu)
geographic coordinates: 18 08 S, 178 25 E
time difference: UTC+12 (17 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionlight blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Fijian shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield depicts a yellow lion above a white field quartered by the cross of Saint George featuring stalks of sugarcane, a palm tree, bananas, and a white dove
CurrencyFijian dollar (FJD)
Internet country code.fj
Ports and terminalsLambasa, Lautoka, Suva
Agriculture productssugarcane, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), rice, sweet potatoes, bananas; cattle, pigs, horses, goats; fish
Industriestourism, sugar, clothing, copra, gold, silver, lumber, small cottage industries
Geography
LocationOceania, island group in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Coordinates18 00 S, 175 00 E
ContinentOceania
Area total: 18,270 sq km
land: 18,270 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Boundaries0 km
Coastline1,129 km
Climatetropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation
Terrainmostly mountains of volcanic origin
Natural resourcestimber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower
Natural hazardscyclonic storms can occur from November to January
People
Population905,949 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsFijian 51% (predominantly Melanesian with a Polynesian admixture), Indian 44%, European, other Pacific Islanders, overseas Chinese, and other 5% (1998 est.)
ReligionsChristian 52% (Methodist 37%, Roman Catholic 9%), Hindu 38%, Muslim 8%, other 2%
note: Fijians are mainly Christian, Indians are Hindu, and there is a Muslim minority
LanguagesEnglish (official), Fijian (official), Hindustani

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