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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)
Gevernment typeNA
Capital name: Stanley
geographic coordinates: 51 42 S, 57 41 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins first Sunday in September; ends third Sunday in April
Flag descriptionblue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Falkland Island coat of arms centered on the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms contains a white ram (sheep raising was once the major economic activity) above the sailing ship Desire (whose crew discovered the islands) with a scroll at the bottom bearing the motto DESIRE THE RIGHT
CurrencyFalkland pound (FKP)
Internet country code.fk
Ports and terminalsStanley
Agriculture productsfodder and vegetable crops; sheep, dairy products
Industriesfish and wool processing; tourism
Geography
LocationSouthern South America, islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, east of southern Argentina
Coordinates51 45 S, 59 00 W
ContinentSouth America
Area total: 12,173 sq km
land: 12,173 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes the two main islands of East and West Falkland and about 200 small islands
Boundaries0 km
Coastline1,288 km
Climatecold marine; strong westerly winds, cloudy, humid; rain occurs on more than half of days in year; average annual rainfall is 24 inches in Stanley; occasional snow all year, except in January and February, but does not accumulate
Terrainrocky, hilly, mountainous with some boggy, undulating plains
Natural resourcesfish, squid, wildlife, calcified seaweed, sphagnum moss
Natural hazardsstrong winds persist throughout the year
People
Population2,967 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsBritish
Religionsprimarily Anglican, Roman Catholic, United Free Church, Evangelist Church, Jehovah's Witnesses, Lutheran, Seventh-Day Adventist
LanguagesEnglish

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