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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of The Gambia
conventional short form: The Gambia
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Banjul
geographic coordinates: 12 28 N, 16 39 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue with white edges, and green
Currencydalasi (GMD)
Internet country code.gm
Ports and terminalsBanjul
Agriculture productsrice, millet, sorghum, peanuts, corn, sesame, cassava (tapioca), palm kernels; cattle, sheep, goats
Industriesprocessing peanuts, fish, and hides; tourism, beverages, agricultural machinery assembly, woodworking, metalworking, clothing
Geography
LocationWestern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal
Coordinates13 28 N, 16 34 W
ContinentAfrica
Area total: 11,300 sq km
land: 10,000 sq km
water: 1,300 sq km
Boundaries total: 740 km
border countries: Senegal 740 km
Coastline80 km
Climatetropical; hot, rainy season (June to November); cooler, dry season (November to May)
Terrainflood plain of the Gambia River flanked by some low hills
Natural resourcesfish, titanium (rutile and ilmenite), tin, zircon, silica sand, clay, petroleum
Natural hazardsdrought (rainfall has dropped by 30% in the last 30 years)
People
Population1,641,564 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsAfrican 99% (Mandinka 42%, Fula 18%, Wolof 16%, Jola 10%, Serahuli 9%, other 4%), non-African 1%
ReligionsMuslim 90%, Christian 9%, indigenous beliefs 1%
LanguagesEnglish (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars

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