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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Gabonese Republic
conventional short form: Gabon
local long form: Republique gabonaise
local short form: Gabon
Gevernment typerepublic; multiparty presidential regime
Capital name: Libreville
geographic coordinates: 0 23 N, 9 27 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree equal horizontal bands of green (top), yellow, and blue
CurrencyCommunaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF); note - responsible authority is the Bank of the Central African States
Internet country code.ga
Ports and terminalsGamba, Libreville, Lucinda, Owendo, Port-Gentil
Agriculture productscocoa, coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber; cattle; okoume (a tropical softwood); fish
Industriespetroleum extraction and refining; manganese, gold; chemicals, ship repair, food and beverages, textiles, lumbering and plywood, cement
Geography
LocationWestern Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean at the Equator, between Republic of the Congo and Equatorial Guinea
Coordinates1 00 S, 11 45 E
ContinentAfrica
Area total: 267,667 sq km
land: 257,667 sq km
water: 10,000 sq km
Boundaries total: 2,551 km
border countries: Cameroon 298 km, Republic of the Congo 1,903 km, Equatorial Guinea 350 km
Coastline885 km
Climatetropical; always hot, humid
Terrainnarrow coastal plain; hilly interior; savanna in east and south
Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, diamond, niobium, manganese, uranium, gold, timber, iron ore, hydropower
Natural hazardsNA
People
Population1,424,906
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsBantu tribes, including four major tribal groupings (Fang, Bapounou, Nzebi, Obamba); other Africans and Europeans, 154,000, including 10,700 French and 11,000 persons of dual nationality
ReligionsChristian 55%-75%, animist, Muslim less than 1%
LanguagesFrench (official), Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi

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