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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Georgia
local long form: none
local short form: Sak'art'velo
former: Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: T'bilisi
geographic coordinates: 41 43 N, 44 49 E
time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionwhite rectangle, in its central portion a red cross connecting all four sides of the flag; in each of the four corners is a small red bolnur-katskhuri cross; the five-cross flag appears to date back to the 14th century
Currencylari (GEL)
Internet country code.ge
Ports and terminalsBat'umi, P'ot'i
Agriculture productscitrus, grapes, tea, hazelnuts, vegetables; livestock
Industriessteel, aircraft, machine tools, electrical appliances, mining (manganese and copper), chemicals, wood products, wine
Geography
LocationSouthwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia
Coordinates42 00 N, 43 30 E
ContinentAsia
Area total: 69,700 sq km
land: 69,700 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Boundaries total: 1,461 km
border countries: Armenia 164 km, Azerbaijan 322 km, Russia 723 km, Turkey 252 km
Coastline310 km
Climatewarm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast
Terrainlargely mountainous with Great Caucasus Mountains in the north and Lesser Caucasus Mountains in the south; Kolkhet'is Dablobi (Kolkhida Lowland) opens to the Black Sea in the west; Mtkvari River Basin in the east; good soils in river valley flood plains, foothills of Kolkhida Lowland
Natural resourcesforests, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth
Natural hazardsearthquakes
People
Population4,661,473 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsGeorgian 83.8%, Azeri 6.5%, Armenian 5.7%, Russian 1.5%, other 2.5% (2002 census)
ReligionsOrthodox Christian 83.9%, Muslim 9.9%, Armenian-Gregorian 3.9%, Catholic 0.8%, other 0.8%, none 0.7% (2002 census)
LanguagesGeorgian 71% (official), Russian 9%, Armenian 7%, Azeri 6%, other 7%
note: Abkhaz is the official language in Abkhazia

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