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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Ghana
conventional short form: Ghana
former: Gold Coast
Gevernment typeconstitutional democracy
Capital name: Accra
geographic coordinates: 5 33 N, 0 13 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree equal horizontal bands of red (top), yellow, and green with a large black five-pointed star centered in the yellow band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia; similar to the flag of Bolivia, which has a coat of arms centered in the yellow band
Currencycedi (GHC)
Internet country code.gh
Ports and terminalsTakoradi, Tema
Agriculture productscocoa, rice, coffee, cassava (tapioca), peanuts, corn, shea nuts, bananas; timber
Industriesmining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building
Geography
LocationWestern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo
Coordinates8 00 N, 2 00 W
ContinentAfrica
Area total: 239,460 sq km
land: 230,940 sq km
water: 8,520 sq km
Boundaries total: 2,094 km
border countries: Burkina Faso 549 km, Cote d'Ivoire 668 km, Togo 877 km
Coastline539 km
Climatetropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north
Terrainmostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area
Natural resourcesgold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone
Natural hazardsdry, dusty, northeastern harmattan winds occur from January to March; droughts
People
Population22,409,572
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsAfrican 98.5% (includes Akan 44%, Moshi-Dagomba 16%, Ewe 13%, Ga 8%, Gurma 3%, Yoruba 1%), European and other 1.5% (1998)
ReligionsChristian 63%, Muslim 16%, indigenous beliefs 21%
LanguagesEnglish (official), African languages (including Akan, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, and Ga)

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