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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Territory of Guam
conventional short form: Guam
local long form: Guahan
local short form: Guahan
Gevernment typeNA
Capital name: Hagatna (Agana)
geographic coordinates: 13 28 N, 144 45 E
time difference: UTC+10 (15 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionterritorial flag is dark blue with a narrow red border on all four sides; centered is a red-bordered, pointed, vertical ellipse containing a beach scene, outrigger canoe with sail, and a palm tree with the word GUAM superimposed in bold red letters; US flag is the national flag
CurrencyUS dollar (USD)
Internet country code.gu
Ports and terminalsApra Harbor
Agriculture productsfruits, copra, vegetables; eggs, pork, poultry, beef
IndustriesUS military, tourism, construction, transshipment services, concrete products, printing and publishing, food processing, textiles
Geography
LocationOceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines
Coordinates13 28 N, 144 47 E
ContinentOceania
Area total: 541.3 sq km
land: 541.3 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Boundaries0 km
Coastline125.5 km
Climatetropical marine; generally warm and humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season (January to June), rainy season (July to December); little seasonal temperature variation
Terrainvolcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs; relatively flat coralline limestone plateau (source of most fresh water), with steep coastal cliffs and narrow coastal plains in north, low hills in center, mountains in south
Natural resourcesfishing (largely undeveloped), tourism (especially from Japan)
Natural hazardsfrequent squalls during rainy season; relatively rare, but potentially very destructive typhoons (June - December)
People
Population171,019 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsChamorro 37.1%, Filipino 26.3%, other Pacific islander 11.3%, white 6.9%, other Asian 6.3%, other ethnic origin or race 2.3%, mixed 9.8% (2000 census)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 85%, other 15% (1999 est.)
LanguagesEnglish 38.3%, Chamorro 22.2%, Philippine languages 22.2%, other Pacific island languages 6.8%, Asian languages 7%, other languages 3.5% (2000 census)

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