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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Hellenic Republic
conventional short form: Greece
local long form: Elliniki Dhimokratia
local short form: Ellas or Ellada
former: Kingdom of Greece
Gevernment typeparliamentary republic
Capital name: Athens
geographic coordinates: 37 59 N, 23 44 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Flag descriptionnine equal horizontal stripes of blue alternating with white; there is a blue square in the upper hoist-side corner bearing a white cross; the cross symbolizes Greek Orthodoxy, the established religion of the country
Currencyeuro (EUR)
note: on 1 January 1999, the European Monetary Union introduced the euro as a common currency to be used by financial institutions of member countries; on 1 January 2002, the euro became the sole currency for everyday transactions within the member countries
Internet country code.gr
Ports and terminalsAgioitheodoroi, Aspropyrgos, Irakleion, Pachi, Piraeus, Thessaloniki
Agriculture productswheat, corn, barley, sugar beets, olives, tomatoes, wine, tobacco, potatoes; beef, dairy products
Industriestourism, food and tobacco processing, textiles, chemicals, metal products; mining, petroleum
Geography
LocationSouthern Europe, bordering the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey
Coordinates39 00 N, 22 00 E
ContinentEurope
Area total: 131,940 sq km
land: 130,800 sq km
water: 1,140 sq km
Boundaries total: 1,228 km
border countries: Albania 282 km, Bulgaria 494 km, Turkey 206 km, Macedonia 246 km
Coastline13,676 km
Climatetemperate; mild, wet winters; hot, dry summers
Terrainmostly mountains with ranges extending into the sea as peninsulas or chains of islands
Natural resourceslignite, petroleum, iron ore, bauxite, lead, zinc, nickel, magnesite, marble, salt, hydropower potential
Natural hazardssevere earthquakes
People
Population10,688,058 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsGreek 98%, Turkish and other 2%
note: the Greek Government states there are no ethnic divisions in Greece
ReligionsGreek Orthodox 98%, Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%
LanguagesGreek 99% (official), English, French

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