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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Guatemala
conventional short form: Guatemala
local long form: Republica de Guatemala
local short form: Guatemala
Gevernment typeconstitutional democratic republic
Capital name: Guatemala
geographic coordinates: 14 38 N, 90 31 W
time difference: UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in April; ends last Friday in September; note - there is no DST planned for 2007-2009
Flag descriptionthree equal vertical bands of light blue (hoist side), white, and light blue with the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms includes a green and red quetzal (the national bird) and a scroll bearing the inscription LIBERTAD 15 DE SEPTIEMBRE DE 1821 (the original date of independence from Spain) all superimposed on a pair of crossed rifles and a pair of crossed swords and framed by a wreath
Currencyquetzal (GTQ), US dollar (USD), others allowed
Internet country code.gt
Ports and terminalsPuerto Quetzal, Santo Tomas de Castilla
Agriculture productssugarcane, corn, bananas, coffee, beans, cardamom; cattle, sheep, pigs, chickens
Industriessugar, textiles and clothing, furniture, chemicals, petroleum, metals, rubber, tourism
Geography
LocationCentral America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Mexico, and bordering the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) between Honduras and Belize
Coordinates15 30 N, 90 15 W
ContinentCentral America and the Caribbean
Area total: 108,890 sq km
land: 108,430 sq km
water: 460 sq km
Boundaries total: 1,687 km
border countries: Belize 266 km, El Salvador 203 km, Honduras 256 km, Mexico 962 km
Coastline400 km
Climatetropical; hot, humid in lowlands; cooler in highlands
Terrainmostly mountains with narrow coastal plains and rolling limestone plateau
Natural resourcespetroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle, hydropower
Natural hazardsnumerous volcanoes in mountains, with occasional violent earthquakes; Caribbean coast extremely susceptible to hurricanes and other tropical storms
People
Population12,293,545 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsMestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish - in local Spanish called Ladino) and European 59.4%, K'iche 9.1%, Kaqchikel 8.4%, Mam 7.9%, Q'eqchi 6.3%, other Mayan 8.6%, indigenous non-Mayan 0.2%, other 0.1% (2001 census)
ReligionsRoman Catholic, Protestant, indigenous Mayan beliefs
LanguagesSpanish 60%, Amerindian languages 40% (23 officially recognized Amerindian languages, including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, and Xinca)

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