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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Guinea
conventional short form: Guinea
local long form: Republique de Guinee
local short form: Guinee
former: French Guinea
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Conakry
geographic coordinates: 9 31 N, 13 43 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree equal vertical bands of red (hoist side), yellow, and green; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia
CurrencyGuinean franc (GNF)
Internet country code.gn
Ports and terminalsKamsar
Agriculture productsrice, coffee, pineapples, palm kernels, cassava (tapioca), bananas, sweet potatoes; cattle, sheep, goats; timber
Industriesbauxite, gold, diamonds; alumina refining; light manufacturing and agricultural processing industries
Geography
LocationWestern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone
Coordinates11 00 N, 10 00 W
ContinentAfrica
Area total: 245,857 sq km
land: 245,857 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Boundaries total: 3,399 km
border countries: Cote d'Ivoire 610 km, Guinea-Bissau 386 km, Liberia 563 km, Mali 858 km, Senegal 330 km, Sierra Leone 652 km
Coastline320 km
Climategenerally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds
Terraingenerally flat coastal plain, hilly to mountainous interior
Natural resourcesbauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish, salt
Natural hazardshot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season
People
Population9,690,222 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsPeuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, smaller ethnic groups 10%
ReligionsMuslim 85%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 7%
LanguagesFrench (official); note - each ethnic group has its own language

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