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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Haiti
conventional short form: Haiti
local long form: Republique d'Haiti/Repiblik d' Ayiti
local short form: Haiti/Ayiti
Gevernment typeelected government
Capital name: Port-au-Prince
geographic coordinates: 18 32 N, 72 20 W
time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins first Sunday in April; ends last Sunday in October
Flag descriptiontwo equal horizontal bands of blue (top) and red with a centered white rectangle bearing the coat of arms, which contains a palm tree flanked by flags and two cannons above a scroll bearing the motto L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE (Union Makes Strength)
Currencygourde (HTG)
Internet country code.ht
Ports and terminalsCap-Haitien
Agriculture productscoffee, mangoes, sugarcane, rice, corn, sorghum; wood
Industriessugar refining, flour milling, textiles, cement, light assembly industries based on imported parts
Geography
LocationCaribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic
Coordinates19 00 N, 72 25 W
ContinentCentral America and the Caribbean
Area total: 27,750 sq km
land: 27,560 sq km
water: 190 sq km
Boundaries total: 360 km
border countries: Dominican Republic 360 km
Coastline1,771 km
Climatetropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds
Terrainmostly rough and mountainous
Natural resourcesbauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower
Natural hazardslies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts
People
Population8,308,504
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsblack 95%, mulatto and white 5%
ReligionsRoman Catholic 80%, Protestant 16% (Baptist 10%, Pentecostal 4%, Adventist 1%, other 1%), none 1%, other 3%
note: roughly half of the population practices Voodoo
LanguagesFrench (official), Creole (official)

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