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Flag of Heard and Mc Donald Islands Heard and Mc Donald Islands

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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands
conventional short form: Heard Island and McDonald Islands
abbreviation: HIMI
Gevernment typeIslamic republic
Capital name: Kabul
geographic coordinates: 34 31 N, 69 12 E
time difference: UTC+4.5 (9.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthe flag of Australia is used
Currencyafghani (AFA)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsnone; offshore anchorage only
Agriculture productsopium, wheat, fruits, nuts; wool, mutton, sheepskins, lambskins
Industriessmall-scale production of textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, cement; handwoven carpets; natural gas, coal, copper
Locationislands in the Indian Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Madagascar to Antarctica
Coordinates53 06 S, 72 31 E
ContinentAntarctic Region
Area total: 412 sq km
land: 412 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Boundaries0 km
Coastline101.9 km
TerrainHeard Island - 80% ice-covered, bleak and mountainous, dominated by a large massif (Big Ben) and an active volcano (Mawson Peak); McDonald Islands - small and rocky
Natural resourcesfish
Natural hazardsMawson Peak, an active volcano, is on Heard Island
Populationuninhabited (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsPashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%
ReligionsSunni Muslim 80%, Shi'a Muslim 19%, other 1%
LanguagesAfghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashtu (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism

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