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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Croatia
conventional short form: Croatia
local long form: Republika Hrvatska
local short form: Hrvatska
former: People's Republic of Croatia, Socialist Republic of Croatia
Gevernment typepresidential/parliamentary democracy
Capital name: Zagreb
geographic coordinates: 45 48 N, 15 58 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Flag descriptionthree equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue superimposed by the Croatian coat of arms (red and white checkered)
Currencykuna (HRK)
Internet country code.hr
Ports and terminalsOmisalj, Ploce, Rijeka, Sibenik, Vukovar (on Danube)
Agriculture productswheat, corn, sugar beets, sunflower seed, barley, alfalfa, clover, olives, citrus, grapes, soybeans, potatoes; livestock, dairy products
Industrieschemicals and plastics, machine tools, fabricated metal, electronics, pig iron and rolled steel products, aluminum, paper, wood products, construction materials, textiles, shipbuilding, petroleum and petroleum refining, food and beverages, tourism
Geography
LocationSoutheastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia
Coordinates45 10 N, 15 30 E
ContinentEurope
Area total: 56,542 sq km
land: 56,414 sq km
water: 128 sq km
Boundaries total: 2,197 km
border countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina 932 km, Hungary 329 km, Serbia 241 km, Montenegro 25 km, Slovenia 670 km
Coastline5,835 km (mainland 1,777 km, islands 4,058 km)
ClimateMediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast
Terraingeographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands
Natural resourcesoil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower
Natural hazardsdestructive earthquakes
People
Population4,494,749 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsCroat 89.6%, Serb 4.5%, other 5.9% (including Bosniak, Hungarian, Slovene, Czech, and Roma) (2001 census)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 87.8%, Orthodox 4.4%, other Christian 0.4%, Muslim 1.3%, other and unspecified 0.9%, none 5.2% (2001 census)
LanguagesCroatian 96.1%, Serbian 1%, other and undesignated 2.9% (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, and German) (2001 census)

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