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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Hungary
conventional short form: Hungary
local long form: Magyar Koztarsasag
local short form: Magyarorszag
Gevernment typeparliamentary democracy
Capital name: Budapest
geographic coordinates: 47 30 N, 19 05 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Flag descriptionthree equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and green
Currencyforint (HUF)
Internet country code.hu
Ports and terminalsBudapest, Dunaujvaros, Gyor-Gonyu, Csepel, Baja, Mohacs (2003)
Agriculture productswheat, corn, sunflower seed, potatoes, sugar beets; pigs, cattle, poultry, dairy products
Industriesmining, metallurgy, construction materials, processed foods, textiles, chemicals (especially pharmaceuticals), motor vehicles
Geography
LocationCentral Europe, northwest of Romania
Coordinates47 00 N, 20 00 E
ContinentEurope
Area total: 93,030 sq km
land: 92,340 sq km
water: 690 sq km
Boundaries total: 2,171 km
border countries: Austria 366 km, Croatia 329 km, Romania 443 km, Serbia 151 km, Slovakia 677 km, Slovenia 102 km, Ukraine 103 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Climatetemperate; cold, cloudy, humid winters; warm summers
Terrainmostly flat to rolling plains; hills and low mountains on the Slovakian border
Natural resourcesbauxite, coal, natural gas, fertile soils, arable land
Natural hazardsdamaging earthquakes occur in Hindu Kush mountains; flooding; droughts
People
Population9,981,334 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsHungarian 92.3%, Roma 1.9%, other or unknown 5.8% (2001 census)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 51.9%, Calvinist 15.9%, Lutheran 3%, Greek Catholic 2.6%, other Christian 1%, other or unspecified 11.1%, unaffiliated 14.5% (2001 census)
LanguagesHungarian 93.6%, other or unspecified 6.4% (2001 census)

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