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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Indonesia
conventional short form: Indonesia
local long form: Republik Indonesia
local short form: Indonesia
former: Netherlands East Indies; Dutch East Indies
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Jakarta
geographic coordinates: 6 10 S, 106 48 E
time difference: UTC+7 (12 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
note: Indonesia is divided into three time zones
Flag descriptiontwo equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; similar to the flag of Monaco, which is shorter; also similar to the flag of Poland, which is white (top) and red
CurrencyIndonesian rupiah (IDR)
Internet country code.id
Ports and terminalsBanjarmasin, Belawan, Ciwandan, Krueg Geukueh, Palembang, Panjang, Sungai Pakning, Tanjung Perak, Tanjung Priok
Agriculture productsrice, cassava (tapioca), peanuts, rubber, cocoa, coffee, palm oil, copra; poultry, beef, pork, eggs
Industriespetroleum and natural gas, textiles, apparel, footwear, mining, cement, chemical fertilizers, plywood, rubber, food, tourism
Geography
LocationSoutheastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean
Coordinates5 00 S, 120 00 E
ContinentSoutheast Asia
Area total: 1,919,440 sq km
land: 1,826,440 sq km
water: 93,000 sq km
Boundaries total: 2,830 km
border countries: East Timor 228 km, Malaysia 1,782 km, Papua New Guinea 820 km
Coastline54,716 km
Climatetropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands
Terrainmostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains
Natural resourcespetroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver
Natural hazardsoccasional floods, severe droughts, tsunamis, earthquakes, volcanoes, forest fires
People
Population245,452,739 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsJavanese 45%, Sundanese 14%, Madurese 7.5%, coastal Malays 7.5%, other 26%
ReligionsMuslim 88%, Protestant 5%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 2%, Buddhist 1%, other 1% (1998)
LanguagesBahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects, the most widely spoken of which is Javanese

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