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Flag of British Indian Ocean Territory British Indian Ocean Territory



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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: British Indian Ocean Territory
conventional short form: none
abbreviation: BIOT
Gevernment typeIslamic republic
Capital name: Kabul
geographic coordinates: 34 31 N, 69 12 E
time difference: UTC+4.5 (9.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionwhite with six blue wavy horizontal stripes; the flag of the UK is in the upper hoist-side quadrant; the striped section bears a palm tree and yellow crown centered on the outer half of the flag
Currencyboth the British Pound (GBP) and the US Dollar (USD) are accepted
Internet country code.io
Ports and terminalsDiego Garcia
Agriculture productsopium, wheat, fruits, nuts; wool, mutton, sheepskins, lambskins
Industriessmall-scale production of textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, cement; handwoven carpets; natural gas, coal, copper
Geography
Locationarchipelago in the Indian Ocean, south of India, about one-half the way from Africa to Indonesia
Coordinates6 00 S, 71 30 E; note - Diego Garcia 7 20 S, 72 25 E
ContinentPolitical Map of the World
Area total: 54,400 sq km
land: 60 sq km; Diego Garcia 44 sq km
water: 54,340 sq km
note: includes the entire Chagos Archipelago of 55 islands
Boundaries0 km
Coastline698 km
Climatetropical marine; hot, humid, moderated by trade winds
Terrainflat and low (most areas do not exceed two meters in elevation)
Natural resourcescoconuts, fish, sugarcane
Natural hazardsNA
People
Populationno indigenous inhabitants
note: approximately 1,200 former agricultural workers resident in the Chagos Archipelago, often referred to as Chagossians or Ilois, were relocated to Mauritius and the Seychelles in the 1960s and 1970s; in November 2000 they were granted the right of return by a British High Court ruling, though no timetable has been set; in November 2004, there were approximately 4,000 UK and US military personnel and civilian contractors living on the island of Diego Garcia (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsPashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%
ReligionsSunni Muslim 80%, Shi'a Muslim 19%, other 1%
LanguagesAfghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashtu (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism

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