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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Japan
local long form: Nihon-koku/Nippon-koku
local short form: Nihon/Nippon
Gevernment typeconstitutional monarchy with a parliamentary government
Capital name: Tokyo
geographic coordinates: 35 42 N, 139 46 E
time difference: UTC+9 (14 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionwhite with a large red disk (representing the sun without rays) in the center
Currencyyen (JPY)
Internet country code.jp
Ports and terminalsChiba, Kawasaki, Kiire, Kisarazu, Kobe, Mizushima, Nagoya, Osaka, Tokyo, Yohohama
Agriculture productsrice, sugar beets, vegetables, fruit; pork, poultry, dairy products, eggs; fish
Industriesamong world's largest and technologically advanced producers of motor vehicles, electronic equipment, machine tools, steel and nonferrous metals, ships, chemicals, textiles, processed foods
Geography
LocationEastern Asia, island chain between the North Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan, east of the Korean Peninsula
Coordinates36 00 N, 138 00 E
ContinentAsia
Area total: 377,835 sq km
land: 374,744 sq km
water: 3,091 sq km
note: includes Bonin Islands (Ogasawara-gunto), Daito-shoto, Minami-jima, Okino-tori-shima, Ryukyu Islands (Nansei-shoto), and Volcano Islands (Kazan-retto)
Boundaries0 km
Coastline29,751 km
Climatevaries from tropical in south to cool temperate in north
Terrainmostly rugged and mountainous
Natural resourcesnegligible mineral resources, fish
Natural hazardsmany dormant and some active volcanoes; about 1,500 seismic occurrences (mostly tremors) every year; tsunamis; typhoons
People
Population127,463,611 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsJapanese 99%, others 1% (Korean 511,262, Chinese 244,241, Brazilian 182,232, Filipino 89,851, other 237,914)
note: up to 230,000 Brazilians of Japanese origin migrated to Japan in the 1990s to work in industries; some have returned to Brazil (2004)
Religionsobserve both Shinto and Buddhist 84%, other 16% (including Christian 0.7%)
LanguagesJapanese

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