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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
conventional short form: Jordan
local long form: Al Mamlakah al Urduniyah al Hashimiyah
local short form: Al Urdun
former: Transjordan
Gevernment typeconstitutional monarchy
Capital name: Amman
geographic coordinates: 31 57 N, 35 56 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Thursday in March; ends last Friday in September
Flag descriptionthree equal horizontal bands of black (top), representing the Abbassid Caliphate, white, representing the Ummayyad Caliphate, and green, representing the Fatimid Caliphate; a red isosceles triangle on the hoist side, representing the Great Arab Revolt of 1916, and bearing a small white seven-pointed star symbolizing the seven verses of the opening Sura (Al-Fatiha) of the Holy Koran; the seven points on the star represent faith in One God, humanity, national spirit, humility, social justice, virtue, and aspirations; design is based on the Arab Revolt flag of World War I
CurrencyJordanian dinar (JOD)
Internet country code.jo
Ports and terminalsAl 'Aqabah
Agriculture productswheat, barley, citrus, tomatoes, melons, olives; sheep, goats, poultry
Industriestextiles, phosphate mining, fertilizers, pharmaceuticals, petroleum refining, cement, potash, inorganic chemicals, light manufacturing, tourism
Geography
LocationMiddle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia
Coordinates31 00 N, 36 00 E
ContinentMiddle East
Area total: 92,300 sq km
land: 91,971 sq km
water: 329 sq km
Boundaries total: 1,635 km
border countries: Iraq 181 km, Israel 238 km, Saudi Arabia 744 km, Syria 375 km, West Bank 97 km
Coastline26 km
Climatemostly arid desert; rainy season in west (November to April)
Terrainmostly desert plateau in east, highland area in west; Great Rift Valley separates East and West Banks of the Jordan River
Natural resourcesphosphates, potash, shale oil
Natural hazardsdroughts; periodic earthquakes
People
Population5,906,760 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsArab 98%, Circassian 1%, Armenian 1%
ReligionsSunni Muslim 92%, Christian 6% (majority Greek Orthodox, but some Greek and Roman Catholics, Syrian Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and Protestant denominations), other 2% (several small Shi'a Muslim and Druze populations) (2001 est.)
LanguagesArabic (official), English widely understood among upper and middle classes

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