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Flag of Kenya Kenya



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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Kenya
conventional short form: Kenya
local long form: Republic of Kenya/Jamhuri y Kenya
local short form: Kenya
former: British East Africa
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Nairobi
geographic coordinates: 1 17 S, 36 49 E
time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree equal horizontal bands of black (top), red, and green; the red band is edged in white; a large warrior's shield covering crossed spears is superimposed at the center
CurrencyKenyan shilling (KES)
Internet country code.ke
Ports and terminalsMombasa
Agriculture productstea, coffee, corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruit, vegetables; dairy products, beef, pork, poultry, eggs
Industriessmall-scale consumer goods (plastic, furniture, batteries, textiles, clothing, soap, cigarettes, flour), agricultural products, horticulture, oil refining; aluminum, steel, lead; cement, commercial ship repair, tourism
Geography
LocationEastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania
Coordinates1 00 N, 38 00 E
ContinentAfrica
Area total: 582,650 sq km
land: 569,250 sq km
water: 13,400 sq km
Boundaries total: 3,477 km
border countries: Ethiopia 861 km, Somalia 682 km, Sudan 232 km, Tanzania 769 km, Uganda 933 km
Coastline536 km
Climatevaries from tropical along coast to arid in interior
Terrainlow plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift Valley; fertile plateau in west
Natural resourceslimestone, soda ash, salt, gemstones, fluorspar, zinc, diatomite, gypsum, wildlife, hydropower
Natural hazardsrecurring drought; flooding during rainy seasons
People
Population34,707,817
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsKikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%, other African 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) 1%
ReligionsProtestant 45%, Roman Catholic 33%, indigenous beliefs 10%, Muslim 10%, other 2%
note: a large majority of Kenyans are Christian, but estimates for the percentage of the population that adheres to Islam or indigenous beliefs vary widely
LanguagesEnglish (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages

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