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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Kyrgyz Republic
conventional short form: Kyrgyzstan
local long form: Kyrgyz Respublikasy
local short form: Kyrgyzstan
former: Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Bishkek
geographic coordinates: 42 54 N, 74 36 E
time difference: UTC+6 (11 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionred field with a yellow sun in the center having 40 rays representing the 40 Kyrgyz tribes; on the obverse side the rays run counterclockwise, on the reverse, clockwise; in the center of the sun is a red ring crossed by two sets of three lines, a stylized representation of the roof of the traditional Kyrgyz yurt
Currencysom (KGS)
Internet country code.kg
Ports and terminalsBalykchy (Ysyk-Kol or Rybach'ye)
Agriculture productstobacco, cotton, potatoes, vegetables, grapes, fruits and berries; sheep, goats, cattle, wool
Industriessmall machinery, textiles, food processing, cement, shoes, sawn logs, refrigerators, furniture, electric motors, gold, rare earth metals
Geography
LocationCentral Asia, west of China
Coordinates41 00 N, 75 00 E
ContinentAsia
Area total: 198,500 sq km
land: 191,300 sq km
water: 7,200 sq km
Boundaries total: 3,878 km
border countries: China 858 km, Kazakhstan 1,051 km, Tajikistan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,099 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Climatedry continental to polar in high Tien Shan; subtropical in southwest (Fergana Valley); temperate in northern foothill zone
Terrainpeaks of Tien Shan and associated valleys and basins encompass entire nation
Natural resourcesabundant hydropower; significant deposits of gold and rare earth metals; locally exploitable coal, oil, and natural gas; other deposits of nepheline, mercury, bismuth, lead, and zinc
Natural hazardsNA
People
Population5,213,898 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsKyrgyz 64.9%, Uzbek 13.8%, Russian 12.5%, Dungan 1.1%, Ukrainian 1%, Uygur 1%, other 5.7% (1999 census)
ReligionsMuslim 75%, Russian Orthodox 20%, other 5%
LanguagesKyrgyz (official), Russian (official)

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