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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Democratic People's Republic of Korea
conventional short form: North Korea
local long form: Choson-minjujuui-inmin-konghwaguk
local short form: Choson
abbreviation: DPRK
Gevernment typeCommunist state one-man dictatorship
Capital name: Pyongyang
geographic coordinates: 39 01 N, 125 45 E
time difference: UTC+9 (14 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree horizontal bands of blue (top), red (triple width), and blue; the red band is edged in white; on the hoist side of the red band is a white disk with a red five-pointed star
CurrencyNorth Korean won (KPW)
Internet country code.kp
Ports and terminalsCh'ongjin, Haeju, Hungnam (Hamhung), Kimch'aek, Kosong, Najin, Namp'o, Sinuiju, Songnim, Sonbong (formerly Unggi), Ungsang, Wonsan
Agriculture productsrice, corn, potatoes, soybeans, pulses; cattle, pigs, pork, eggs
Industriesmilitary products; machine building, electric power, chemicals; mining (coal, iron ore, magnesite, graphite, copper, zinc, lead, and precious metals), metallurgy; textiles, food processing; tourism
Geography
LocationEastern Asia, northern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Korea Bay and the Sea of Japan, between China and South Korea
Coordinates40 00 N, 127 00 E
ContinentAsia
Area total: 120,540 sq km
land: 120,410 sq km
water: 130 sq km
Boundaries total: 1,673 km
border countries: China 1,416 km, South Korea 238 km, Russia 19 km
Coastline2,495 km
Climatetemperate with rainfall concentrated in summer
Terrainmostly hills and mountains separated by deep, narrow valleys; coastal plains wide in west, discontinuous in east
Natural resourcescoal, lead, tungsten, zinc, graphite, magnesite, iron ore, copper, gold, pyrites, salt, fluorspar, hydropower
Natural hazardslate spring droughts often followed by severe flooding; occasional typhoons during the early fall
People
Population23,113,019 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsracially homogeneous; there is a small Chinese community and a few ethnic Japanese
Religionstraditionally Buddhist and Confucianist, some Christian and syncretic Chondogyo (Religion of the Heavenly Way)
note: autonomous religious activities now almost nonexistent; government-sponsored religious groups exist to provide illusion of religious freedom
LanguagesKorean

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