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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Korea
conventional short form: South Korea
local long form: Taehan-min'guk
local short form: Han'guk
abbreviation: ROK
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Seoul
geographic coordinates: 37 34 N, 127 00 E
time difference: UTC+9 (14 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionwhite with a red (top) and blue yin-yang symbol in the center; there is a different black trigram from the ancient I Ching (Book of Changes) in each corner of the white field
CurrencySouth Korean won (KRW)
Internet country code.kr
Ports and terminalsInch'on, Masan, P'ohang, Pusan, Ulsan
Agriculture productsrice, root crops, barley, vegetables, fruit; cattle, pigs, chickens, milk, eggs; fish
Industrieselectronics, telecommunications, automobile production, chemicals, shipbuilding, steel
Geography
LocationEastern Asia, southern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea
Coordinates37 00 N, 127 30 E
ContinentAsia
Area total: 98,480 sq km
land: 98,190 sq km
water: 290 sq km
Boundaries total: 238 km
border countries: North Korea 238 km
Coastline2,413 km
Climatetemperate, with rainfall heavier in summer than winter
Terrainmostly hills and mountains; wide coastal plains in west and south
Natural resourcescoal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, lead, hydropower potential
Natural hazardsoccasional typhoons bring high winds and floods; low-level seismic activity common in southwest
People
Population48,846,823 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupshomogeneous (except for about 20,000 Chinese)
Religionsno affiliation 46%, Christian 26%, Buddhist 26%, Confucianist 1%, other 1%
LanguagesKorean, English widely taught in junior high and high school

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