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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: State of Kuwait
conventional short form: Kuwait
local long form: Dawlat al Kuwayt
local short form: Al Kuwayt
Gevernment typeconstitutional hereditary emirate
Capital name: Kuwait
geographic coordinates: 29 20 N, 47 59 E
time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red with a black trapezoid based on the hoist side; design, which dates to 1961, based on the Arab revolt flag of World War I
CurrencyKuwaiti dinar (KD)
Internet country code.kw
Ports and terminalsAsh Shu'aybah, Ash Shuwaykh, Az Zawr (Mina' Sa'ud), Mina' 'Abd Allah, Mina' al Ahmadi
Agriculture productspractically no crops; fish
Industriespetroleum, petrochemicals, cement, shipbuilding and repair, desalination, food processing, construction materials
Geography
LocationMiddle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iraq and Saudi Arabia
Coordinates29 30 N, 45 45 E
ContinentMiddle East
Area total: 17,820 sq km
land: 17,820 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Boundaries total: 462 km
border countries: Iraq 240 km, Saudi Arabia 222 km
Coastline499 km
Climatedry desert; intensely hot summers; short, cool winters
Terrainflat to slightly undulating desert plain
Natural resourcespetroleum, fish, shrimp, natural gas
Natural hazardssudden cloudbursts are common from October to April and bring heavy rain, which can damage roads and houses; sandstorms and dust storms occur throughout the year, but are most common between March and August
People
Population2,418,393
note: includes 1,291,354 non-nationals (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsKuwaiti 45%, other Arab 35%, South Asian 9%, Iranian 4%, other 7%
ReligionsMuslim 85% (Sunni 70%, Shi'a 30%), Christian, Hindu, Parsi, and other 15%
LanguagesArabic (official), English widely spoken

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