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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Lebanese Republic
conventional short form: Lebanon
local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Lubnaniyah
local short form: Lubnan
former: Greater Lebanon
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Beirut
geographic coordinates: 33 53 N, 35 30 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Flag descriptionthree horizontal bands consisting of red (top), white (middle, double width), and red (bottom) with a green cedar tree centered in the white band
CurrencyLebanese pound (LBP)
Internet country code.lb
Ports and terminalsBeirut, Chekka, Jounie, Tripoli
Agriculture productscitrus, grapes, tomatoes, apples, vegetables, potatoes, olives, tobacco; sheep, goats
Industriesbanking, tourism, food processing, jewelry, cement, textiles, mineral and chemical products, wood and furniture products, oil refining, metal fabricating
Geography
LocationMiddle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Israel and Syria
Coordinates33 50 N, 35 50 E
ContinentMiddle East
Area total: 10,400 sq km
land: 10,230 sq km
water: 170 sq km
Boundaries total: 454 km
border countries: Israel 79 km, Syria 375 km
Coastline225 km
ClimateMediterranean; mild to cool, wet winters with hot, dry summers; Lebanon mountains experience heavy winter snows
Terrainnarrow coastal plain; El Beqaa (Bekaa Valley) separates Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon Mountains
Natural resourceslimestone, iron ore, salt, water-surplus state in a water-deficit region, arable land
Natural hazardsdust storms, sandstorms
People
Population3,874,050 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsArab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%
note: many Christian Lebanese do not identify themselves as Arab but rather as descendents of the ancient Canaanites and prefer to be called Phoenicians
ReligionsMuslim 59.7% (Shi'a, Sunni, Druze, Isma'ilite, Alawite or Nusayri), Christian 39% (Maronite Catholic, Greek Orthodox, Melkite Catholic, Armenian Orthodox, Syrian Catholic, Armenian Catholic, Syrian Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Chaldean, Assyrian, Copt, Protestant), other 1.3%
note: 17 religious sects recognized
LanguagesArabic (official), French, English, Armenian

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