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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Kingdom of Lesotho
conventional short form: Lesotho
local long form: Kingdom of Lesotho
local short form: Lesotho
former: Basutoland
Gevernment typeparliamentary constitutional monarchy
Capital name: Maseru
geographic coordinates: 29 28 S, 27 30 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree horizontal stripes of blue (top), white, and green in the proportions of 3:4:3; the colors represent rain, peace, and prosperity respectively; centered in the white stripe is a black Basotho hat representing the indigenous people; the flag was unfurled in October 2006 to celebrate 40 years of independence
Currencyloti (LSL); South African rand (ZAR)
Internet country code.ls
Ports and terminalsKheyrabad, Shir Khan
Agriculture productscorn, wheat, pulses, sorghum, barley; livestock
Industriesfood, beverages, textiles, apparel assembly, handicrafts, construction, tourism
Geography
LocationSouthern Africa, an enclave of South Africa
Coordinates29 30 S, 28 30 E
ContinentAfrica
Area total: 30,355 sq km
land: 30,355 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Boundaries total: 909 km
border countries: South Africa 909 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Climatetemperate; cool to cold, dry winters; hot, wet summers
Terrainmostly highland with plateaus, hills, and mountains
Natural resourceswater, agricultural and grazing land, diamonds, sand, clay, building stone
Natural hazardsperiodic droughts
People
Population2,022,331
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsSotho 99.7%, Europeans, Asians, and other 0.3%,
ReligionsChristian 80%, indigenous beliefs 20%
LanguagesSesotho (southern Sotho), English (official), Zulu, Xhosa

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