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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
conventional short form: Libya
local long form: Al Jumahiriyah al Arabiyah al Libiyah ash Shabiyah al Ishtirakiyah al Uzma
local short form: none
Gevernment typeJamahiriya (a state of the masses) in theory, governed by the populace through local councils; in practice, an authoritarian state
Capital name: Tripoli
geographic coordinates: 32 54 N, 13 11 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionplain green; green is the traditional color of Islam (the state religion)
CurrencyLibyan dinar (LYD)
Internet country code.ly
Ports and terminalsAs Sidrah, Az Zuwaytinah, Marsa al Burayqah, Ra's Lanuf, Tripoli, Zawiyah
Agriculture productswheat, barley, olives, dates, citrus, vegetables, peanuts, soybeans; cattle
Industriespetroleum, iron and steel, food processing, textiles, handicrafts, cement
Geography
LocationNorthern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Tunisia
Coordinates25 00 N, 17 00 E
ContinentAfrica
Area total: 1,759,540 sq km
land: 1,759,540 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Boundaries total: 4,348 km
border countries: Algeria 982 km, Chad 1,055 km, Egypt 1,115 km, Niger 354 km, Sudan 383 km, Tunisia 459 km
Coastline1,770 km
ClimateMediterranean along coast; dry, extreme desert interior
Terrainmostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressions
Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, gypsum
Natural hazardshot, dry, dust-laden ghibli is a southern wind lasting one to four days in spring and fall; dust storms, sandstorms
People
Population5,900,754
note: includes 166,510 non-nationals (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsBerber and Arab 97%, Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, Tunisians
ReligionsSunni Muslim 97%
LanguagesArabic, Italian, English, all are widely understood in the major cities

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