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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Mauritius
conventional short form: Mauritius
local long form: Republic of Mauritius
local short form: Mauritius
Gevernment typeparliamentary democracy
Capital name: Port Louis
geographic coordinates: 20 10 S, 57 30 E
time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionfour equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue, yellow, and green
CurrencyMauritian rupee (MUR)
Internet country code.mu
Ports and terminalsPort Louis
Agriculture productssugarcane, tea, corn, potatoes, bananas, pulses; cattle, goats; fish
Industriesfood processing (largely sugar milling), textiles, clothing, mining, chemicals, metal products, transport equipment, nonelectrical machinery, tourism
Geography
LocationSouthern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar
Coordinates20 17 S, 57 33 E
ContinentPolitical Map of the World
Area total: 2,040 sq km
land: 2,030 sq km
water: 10 sq km
note: includes Agalega Islands, Cargados Carajos Shoals (Saint Brandon), and Rodrigues
Boundaries0 km
Coastline177 km
Climatetropical, modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (May to November); hot, wet, humid summer (November to May)
Terrainsmall coastal plain rising to discontinuous mountains encircling central plateau
Natural resourcesarable land, fish
Natural hazardscyclones (November to April); almost completely surrounded by reefs that may pose maritime hazards
People
Population1,240,827 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsIndo-Mauritian 68%, Creole 27%, Sino-Mauritian 3%, Franco-Mauritian 2%
ReligionsHindu 48%, Roman Catholic 23.6%, other Christian 8.6%, Muslim 16.6%, other 2.5%, unspecified 0.3%, none 0.4% (2000 census)
LanguagesCreole 80.5%, Bhojpuri 12.1%, French 3.4%, English (official; spoken by less than 1% of the population), other 3.7%, unspecified 0.3% (2000 census)

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