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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Sultanate of Oman
conventional short form: Oman
local long form: Saltanat Uman
local short form: Uman
former: Muscat and Oman
Gevernment typemonarchy
Capital name: Muscat
geographic coordinates: 23 37 N, 58 35 E
time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree horizontal bands of white, red, and green of equal width with a broad, vertical, red band on the hoist side; the national emblem (a khanjar dagger in its sheath superimposed on two crossed swords in scabbards) in white is centered near the top of the vertical band
CurrencyOmani rial (OMR)
Internet country code.om
Ports and terminalsMina' Qabus, Salalah
Agriculture productsdates, limes, bananas, alfalfa, vegetables; camels, cattle; fish
Industriescrude oil production and refining, natural and liquefied natural gas (LNG) production; construction, cement, copper, steel, chemicals, optic fiber
Geography
LocationMiddle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf, between Yemen and UAE
Coordinates21 00 N, 57 00 E
ContinentMiddle East
Area total: 212,460 sq km
land: 212,460 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Boundaries total: 1,374 km
border countries: Saudi Arabia 676 km, UAE 410 km, Yemen 288 km
Coastline2,092 km
Climatedry desert; hot, humid along coast; hot, dry interior; strong southwest summer monsoon (May to September) in far south
Terraincentral desert plain, rugged mountains in north and south
Natural resourcespetroleum, copper, asbestos, some marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum, natural gas
Natural hazardssummer winds often raise large sandstorms and dust storms in interior; periodic droughts
People
Population3,102,229
note: includes 577,293 non-nationals (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsArab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi), African
ReligionsIbadhi Muslim 75%, Sunni Muslim, Shi'a Muslim, Hindu
LanguagesArabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects

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