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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: United Mexican States
conventional short form: Mexico
local long form: Estados Unidos Mexicanos
local short form: Mexico
Gevernment typefederal republic
Capital name: Mexico (Distrito Federal)
geographic coordinates: 19 24 N, 99 09 W
time difference: UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins first Sunday in April; ends last Sunday in October
note: Mexico is divided into four time zones
Flag descriptionthree equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and red; the coat of arms (an eagle perched on a cactus with a snake in its beak) is centered in the white band
CurrencyMexican peso (MXN)
Internet country code.mx
Ports and terminalsAltamira, Manzanillo, Morro Redondo, Salina Cruz, Tampico, Topolobampo, Veracruz
Agriculture productscorn, wheat, soybeans, rice, beans, cotton, coffee, fruit, tomatoes; beef, poultry, dairy products; wood products
Industriesfood and beverages, tobacco, chemicals, iron and steel, petroleum, mining, textiles, clothing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, tourism
Geography
LocationMiddle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, between Belize and the US and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and the US
Coordinates23 00 N, 102 00 W
ContinentNorth America
Area total: 1,972,550 sq km
land: 1,923,040 sq km
water: 49,510 sq km
Boundaries total: 4,353 km
border countries: Belize 250 km, Guatemala 962 km, US 3,141 km
Coastline9,330 km
Climatevaries from tropical to desert
Terrainhigh, rugged mountains; low coastal plains; high plateaus; desert
Natural resourcespetroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber
Natural hazardstsunamis along the Pacific coast, volcanoes and destructive earthquakes in the center and south, and hurricanes on the Pacific, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean coasts
People
Population107,449,525 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsmestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, white 9%, other 1%
Religionsnominally Roman Catholic 89%, Protestant 6%, other 5%
LanguagesSpanish, various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional indigenous languages

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